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Society of Infallible Detectives. The Society of Infallible Detectives was created by Carolyn Wells and appeared in five stories and story serials in a variety of magazines and newspapers from 1905 to 1917, beginning with “The Great Suitcase Mystery” (Boston American, Oct. 5-8, 1905).

The Society of Infallible Detectives is a group of well-known crime solvers who meet to solve crimes, presided over by Sherlock Holmes. The Society’s membership is Holmes, The Thinking Machine, A.J. Raffles, Arsène Lupin, Philip Trent, Ebenezer Gryce, Calvin Sprague, Luther Trant, Craig Kennedy, and Rouletabille.

* I'm including the Society of Infallible Detectives stories in the Best of the Encyclopedia list because of their historical importance. The Society was the first major (Carolyn Wells was a significant figure in the world of mystery and detective fiction in her day) crossover of different characters from different fictional worlds who form a team to fight crime. The Society wasn't directly influential on the Justice Society of America and all the comic book superhero teams that followed the JSA, but the Society certainly added to the impetus to create the JSA, and was an influence on groups like the League of Extroardinary Gentlemen. 

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