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Shi, Judge. Shi Shilun (?-1722) was a Chinese magistrate who was famous for his honest treatment of all classes and his incorruptibility. After his death he became a figure of folklore and then heroic folktales and fiction. A fictional version of Shi Shilun appeared in the anonymously-written Chinese novel The Cases of Judge Shi (1798), with nine unauthorized sequels by other authors following through 1903.

In China, during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor, Judge Shi is a magistrate of the greatest rectitude and integrity. Judge Shi is the prefect of Taizhou and the commissioner of Grain Transport. He is immune to bribery, and is stern and unforgiving in his condemnation of wrongdoing. As magistrate he has the power to investigate, judge and punish, which he does, often. His enemies are usually corrupt high officials and bandits. Shi is assisted by a variety of Nüxia/Wüxia, who carry out Shi’s legwork. They are led by Huang Tianba.

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