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Glossary and Character Taxonomy  Breakdown by Country of Origin   Bibliography   Table of Contents    The Best of the Encyclopedia

Sharik. Sharik was created by the Russian author Mikhail Bulgakov (Professor Persikov) and appeared in Sobach'e Serdtse (1925).

Well-respected physician and scientist Professor Preobrazhensky surgically implants the testicles and pituitary gland of a dead criminal onto Sharik, a stray dog, in an attempt to create a “psychically lofty personality.” Sharik transforms into a half-man, half-canine which calls itself Poligraf Poligrafovich Sharikov. As a dog, Sharik was good-natured, but as a man Sharikov is a lewd, foul-mouthed drunk who terrorizes Preobrazhensky and achieves great success in Soviet society until Preobrazhensky and his assistant Bormental finally reverse the operation.

* I'm including Sobach'e Serdtse in the Best of the Encyclopedia list because it's well-written. Bulgakov was a respectable mainstream writer and playwright who is best known for this masterpiece, The Master and Margarita, and he applied his skill and talent to the story of Sharik, who transcends being political critique and a metaphor about Soviet society thanks to the fine characterization that Bulgakov brings to the novel. Sobach'e Serdtse is not Master and Margarita, but it's a minor classic of Soviet literature. 

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