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Lu, Fourth Madam. Fourth Madam Lu was created by the Chinese creator Yeung Kung Leong (Charlie, Chinese Scientist, Chinese Thief, Chinese Vampire) and appeared in at least five movies from 1940 to 1959, possibly beginning with Lu Siniang.

The Ming scholar Lu Wancun and his family are sentenced to death by the new Qing court, and only Lu’s granddaughter Siniang survives. She trains herself in the martial arts and joins Shen Zaikun and other revolutionaries to overthrow the Qing Emperor Yongzheng. He sends his best men after Shen and the revolutionaries, and the Emperor’s agents manage to kill Shen with the dreaded Flying Guillotine. Sinniang goes after Yongzheng and kills him. Later on, after marriage to Jade Face Tiger, she becomes not quite such a good person and engages in horse thievery.

* I'm including the Fourth Madam Lu films in the Best of the Encyclopedia category because they are historically important. In 1940 the Chinese film industry was not accustomed to franchise characters. Chinese directors had made film serials and had made series of films about certain historical characters, but franchises about fictional characters just weren't made. That changed with the Fourth Madam Lu films, which were important both because they were the first Chinese film franchise and because they starred a female protagonist. There were a number of Chinese films pre-1940 with female protagonists--and I've included several in this encyclopedia--but elevating a female character to be the face of a franchise was a relatively progressive move by Yeung Kung Leong and the successive makers of Fourth Madam Lu films. 

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