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Lampião. Virgulino Ferreira da Silva (1897-1938) was a famous cangaceiro (bandit) and leader of a band of outlaws in rural Pernambuco in Brazil. He was commonly called “Lampião” (Oil Lamp). In the 1920s and 1930s he appeared in Celebrity Pulps in Brazil (and later Portugal), most commonly in folheto, pamphlets of poetry cheaply printed and widely distributed. (He remains a popular subject of the folheto even today). Popularly Lampião was considered a modern Gentleman Bandit, but the fictional version of Lampião is often brutal and even cruel. In some folheto he fights Antônio Silvino in Hell.

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