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Jigong. Daoji (?-1209 C.E.) was an eccentric Buddhist monk who ate meat, regularly patronized prostitutes, rebelled against the mainstream Buddhist establishment, and did good works along the coastal parts of Zhejiang Province. After his death he was incorporated into Chinese popular culture and become “Jigong” (Sir Ji), the mad monk who fights against corrupt authority. In 1898 the Chinese author Guo Gangrui fictionalized Jigong in Pingyan Jigong Zhuan, which had thirty-nine unauthorized sequels by other authors appear though 1926.

Jigong is an insane monk who comes down from his mountaintop hermitage to help the disadvantaged of China while bringing order and justice to the corrupt and powerful. In the course of these events Jigong is forced to deal with and occasionally defeat supernatural forces, beings and monsters. His enemies range from local bullies to lust-filled monks to corrupt officials to evil female animal spirits and succubi. Jigong is aided by a group of Nüxia/Wüxia.

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